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Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
NCLB Reauthorization

To better inform the national debate on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reauthorization, ECS collected and synthesized recommendations by national organizations to improve the federal law.

ECS' database is organized around 16 issue areas that captured most recommendations. Some organizations did not offer recommendations for all issues, at least according to our analysis. And several recommendations appear more than once since they applied to multiple issue areas.

The summary and full text of all organizations' original recommendations for Data Systems and Reporting (DSR) are listed in this report. Please see the main page for additional reports and sources for the database.

Highlights
(See Abbreviation Key at end of table)

Organizations that addressed this issue: 13 of 15
AASA; AFT; BCSA; Comm. NCLB; ECS; Ed Trust; FEA; NASBE; NASSP; NCSL; NEA; NGA; and NSBA

Organizations that did not address this issue: 2 of 15
CCSSO and NAESP

Comments
No Child Left Behind requires states to collect, analyze and report information on several topics and to disaggregate much of the data. Despite progress in developing more sophisticated information systems to meet these requirements, many states still face challenges. 

While nearly every organization mentioned data systems and reporting, their recommendations were spread across several themes. Organizations suggested that a reauthorized NCLB should assist states with developing more robust information systems, maintain and expand disaggregated data requirements (such as graduation rates), provide professional development to use data more effectively, and require more useable and easily understood reporting formats. And a couple organizations would like to see additional data on report cards.


Visit ECS' Database on NCLB Reauthorization main page for more information, explanations and access to organizations' original reports. Please note that ECS plans to expand the database as more information becomes available.

Database Last Updated: July 2007

This database was created and compiled by Mary Fulton, ECS policy analyst.
For questions and comments: 303.299.3679 or mfulton@ecs.org

NCLB Reauthorization : American Association of School Administrators (AASA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Disaggregate and report test results by growth of student cohorts or year-to-year comparisons of percentage of students scoring at proficient level.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Continue disaggregating and reporting results on statewide tests either in terms of growth of cohorts of students in aggregate and in identified groups or based on year-to-year comparisons of the percentage of students scoring at the proficient level by grade levels.
DSR 2 - Summary of Recommendation Create valid reporting format for student and cohort results, disaggregated by major demographic categories for ethnicity and income.
DSR 2 - Full Recommendation Improve state accountability systems to more accurately evaluate the performance of schools and districts by establishing a statistically valid reporting format for results of both individual students and cohorts of students being served by ESEA funds on statewide tests, and local option assessments, if used, of all public school students disaggregated by major demographic categories for ethnicity and income.
DSR 3 - Summary of Recommendation Continue disaggregating student achievement data to shed light on progress of student groups, including low income.
DSR 3 - Full Recommendation Require states and districts to continue disaggregating student achievement data to shed light on the progress of all student groups, including low income. Title I should focus on fairly and accurately describing the progress of low income students.
DSR 4 - Summary of Recommendation Require states and districts to disaggregate achievement for Title I students.
DSR 4 - Full Recommendation Require states and districts to disaggregate achievement data for students served by Title I ESEA funds.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Maintain disaggregated student achievement reports, but change numerous ways to fail and only one way to “make” AYP.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Maintain reporting on student achievement by subgroup without giving schools numerous ways to fail and only one way to “make” AYP.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Business Coalition for Student Achievement (BCSA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation

Provide resources for sophisticated statewide data systems that use longitudinal data to inform decisionmaking.

DSR 1 - Full Recommendation

Based on commitments from states, provide resources to develop statewide data systems that offer timely and accurate collection, analysis and use of high quality longitudinal data that align to district systems to inform decision making and ultimately to improve teacher effectiveness and student achievement.

DSR 2 - Summary of Recommendation

Provide educator training on using data to improve instruction and student interventions.

DSR 2 - Full Recommendation

Provide educator training on the use of data to differentiate instruction for students, especially for those who are not yet proficient and those who are more advanced.

Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Commission on No Child Left Behind (Comm. NCLB)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to conform to NGA graduation rate compact, hold schools accountable for closing graduation gap and require schools to disaggregate graduation rate data and "other" AYP indicator.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Hold schools accountable for improving the graduation rates of all students by closing the graduation-rate gap by 2014 and requiring states to conform to the National Governors Association compact on graduation rates. Require schools to disaggregate graduation-rate data, as well as the elementary school indicator used for AYP purposes (often school attendance), and use this disaggregated data and indicator in AYP calculations.
DSR 2 - Summary of Recommendation Target federal funds on upgrading test delivery and scoring technology for quicker and more accurate data.
DSR 2 - Full Recommendation Target federal funds on upgrading test delivery and scoring technology to yield quicker and more accurate data to districts, parents and schools.
DSR 3 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to include additional information in their annual report cards related to student performance, graduation rates and to teachers and principals.
DSR 3 - Full Recommendation Provide useful and actionable information on school quality by requiring states to include additional information in their annual report cards. The report cards should include student attendance rates; the attendance and turnover rates for teachers and principals; graduation rates disaggregated by racial and ethnic groups, special education status and English language learner status; and the percentage of students in high-level courses.
DSR 4 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to develop high-quality longitudinal data systems and provide professional development for users. States with existing systems must meet specific data element requirements.
DSR 4 - Full Recommendation Require all states to design and implement a high-quality longitudinal data system within four years of the enactment of a reauthorized NCLB, and to provide professional development for all individuals who use and maintain these systems.

Such data systems are needed to implement the recommendations in this report—in particular, the proposals to include student growth in AYP calculations and to determine whether teachers and principals are “effective.” States that had systems operating before a reauthorized NCLB will be permitted to use these systems if they meet specific data elements required under the statute.
DSR 5 - Summary of Recommendation Increase Institute of Education Sciences’ longitudinal data systems grant program to assist with state data systems.
DSR 5 - Full Recommendation Assist states in the development, implementation and ongoing support of sufficient data systems by increasing the Institute of Education Sciences’ longitudinal data systems grant program by an additional $100 million a year for four years.
DSR 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to submit independent audit reports certifying their data systems meet high-quality requirements.
DSR 6 - Full Recommendation Ensure that all states’ data systems are fully implemented and capable of being used in the manner and spirit the Commission envisioned by requiring states, upon the completion of development and implementation of their data systems, to submit an audit report by an independent entity that certifies that these systems meet requirements.
DSR 7 - Summary of Recommendation Implement and require regular reporting of Education Department's system to track migrant student health and education records.
DSR 7 - Full Recommendation Strengthen the tracking of the health and education records of migrant students by ensuring the complete and timely implementation of the new Education Department effort to link state systems, and by requiring the department to report to Congress every two years on the linkage system’s implementation and operation, as well as recommendations for system improvement.
DSR 8 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to submit counts of migrant children and document accuracy of data, which should be audited by Education Department.
DSR 8 - Full Recommendation Require states to submit, along with their counts of migrant children, documentation on the accuracy of these counts. The Education Department would annually select a small number of states to audit to determine the accuracy of these migrant student counts.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Commission of the States (ECS)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Push for greater transparency in and comparability among federal and state data sets.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Push for greater transparency in and comparability among federal and state data sets to better inform public debate, and challenge what appear to be limited or questionable public policy pronouncements.
DSR 2 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to provide accurate and accessible teacher quality data.
DSR 2 - Full Recommendation Insist that states provide accurate and accessible data on the qualifications and competence of teachers.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Trust (Ed Trust)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Create grants for state longitudinal data systems that would incorporate the Data Quality Campaign's ten elements. Progress toward such a system could determine a state's ability to use growth models for AYP, apply for grants and receive full funding under NCLB.

DSR 1 - Full Recommendation

Create a $100 million-per-year grant fund to assist states in developing, improving, maintaining and operating statewide longitudinal education data systems.

  • The data systems would be required to incorporate at least the 10 data elements identified as critical by the Data Quality Campaign. These include: unique and stable statewide student identifiers; the ability to match individual students’ test records from year to year; information on untested students; information on student attainment in high school; information on student participation in and performance on college admissions and/or college-level assessments; information on college enrollment, placement, persistence, and attainment; unique and stable statewide teacher identifiers; and the ability to match student records to teacher records. State data systems also should incorporate additional teacher elements including grade levels and subjects of teaching assignment, major and minor of undergraduate study, preparation program participation, certification status and professional development program participation.
  • A state’s ability to use a growth model for adequate yearly progress (AYP) would be conditioned on the inclusion in its data system of data elements necessary to objectively evaluate instructional effectiveness at the classroom, school and district levels.
  • The Secretary of Education would be required to withhold 25% of the Title I administrative funds of any state that, after three years, is not making significant progress toward the creation and operation of the required data system. 
  • States failing to have data systems including all required elements and failing to generate any required reports four years after the date of enactment would jeopardize eligibility for all Title I funding.
  • States with data systems meeting all of the requirements would receive a full share of funding and could use funds to maintain, operate and upgrade their systems, and would be eligible to apply for competitive grants to support the use of data generated by their systems to reform policies governing teacher evaluation, compensation, tenure and assignment.
  • The Secretary would be directed to issue regulations requiring state data systems to incorporate adequate protections for data security and student/family privacy.
DSR 2 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to report annually on progress of developing the statewide longitudinal education data system proposed by Education Trust.
DSR 2 - Full Recommendation Require states to report annually on the progress in developing and bringing on line their statewide longitudinal education data system proposed by the Education Trust. Retain all current public reporting requirements under NCLB.
DSR 3 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to report additional teacher qualification, distribution and attrition information for districts with highest and lowest minority and low-income student enrollment. Require annual reports of district/school needs for qualified teachers, actions to close teacher quality gaps and efforts to measure teacher effectiveness.
DSR 3 - Full Recommendation Enhance public reporting of teacher qualifications and teacher distribution patterns. Require states to report annually a comparison of the following indicators in schools and districts in the highest and lowest quartiles of enrollment of minority and low-income students:
  • Percentage of first-year teachers
  • Percentage of first- and second-year teachers
  • Percentage of teachers on emergency credentials or state certification waivers
  • Percentage of classes taught by teachers who are not highly qualified
  • Annual teacher attrition rates.

In addition, require states and school districts to annually conduct and publish an analysis of districts and schools’ need for highly qualified teachers and experienced teachers, as well as the actions being taken to ensure that low-income and minority students are accorded their fair share of such teachers. The report will include the progress the state is making in its ability to measure, with objective measures of student learning growth, the effectiveness of individual teachers.

DSR 4 - Summary of Recommendation Require districts to publish, on school report cards, the amount by which state and local funding for Title I schools is below district average. Require districts to publish plans for ensuring equitable school-to-school funding within three years.
DSR 4 - Full Recommendation Require districts to annually and individually publish, on school report cards, the amount by which state and local funding for any Title I school is below the district average. Districts also must publish plans and timelines for ensuring equitable school-to-school funding within three years.
DSR 5 - Summary of Recommendation

Require states that choose growth models for AYP to include the following information on all level of report cards:

  • Overall percentage of students attaining and on trajectory toward proficiency
  • Percentage of students in each group attaining and on trajectory toward proficiency.
DSR 5 - Full Recommendation

Require states that choose a growth model for adequate yearly progress (AYP) calculations to indicate the following information on state-, district- and school-level report cards:

  • Overall percentage of students attaining the proficient level
  • Overall percentage of students on a trajectory toward the proficient level
  • Percentage of students in each group attaining the proficient level
  • Percentage of students in each group on a trajectory toward the proficient level.
DSR 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require states and districts to annually publish overall graduation rates and goals and for each student group for all districts or high schools.
DSR 6 - Full Recommendation Require states and districts to annually publish overall graduation rates and goals, as well as graduation rates and goals for each student group for each district or high school.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Forum on Educational Accountability (FEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure states and districts report progress in enhancing capacity to improve student learning.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Ensure that states and school districts regularly report to the government and the public their progress in implementing systemic changes to enhance educator, family and community capacity to improve student learning.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require state NCLB assessment results to be reported in easily understood formats and language.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Require state assessments results are reported in formats and language that parents and the public can easily understand inform state level policies and programs.
DSR 2 - Summary of Recommendation Limit reporting requirements to financial accountability and efficiency, and to constitutional and statutory requirements.
DSR 2 - Full Recommendation Limit federal reporting requirements to those necessary to account for funds, to demonstrate compliance with constitutional and statutory requirements, and to assist in determining the most effective use of federal funds.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Use Title II and Higher Education Act funds to provide professional development for adolescent literacy and data use.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation

Allocate a portion of federal funds, including Title II and Higher Education Act funds for professional development programs specifically focused on local schools in the area of adolescent literacy and in the use of data to improve student achievement.

  • The instructional leader and the school’s leadership team must have the capacity to improve student achievement through the use of data.
  • The pedagogy of teachers in secondary schools must include strategies to improve adolescent literacy.
  • Access to data does not always mean understanding or utilization.
  • State allocation of federal funds for training might not be currently used to train local school staff members on literacy and the proper use of data.
  • Higher education programs in principal and teacher preparation must provide training in the use and interpretation of data to improve student achievement.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Strengthen Education Department's role and investment in collecting diagnostic data and providing scientifically based research to close achievement gaps.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Ensure the Education Department fulfills its role as a national center for diagnostic data collection and scientifically based research that helps states address and eliminate the achievement gap. The department should enhance its role as a partner by dedicating more resources to research.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Education Association (NEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding to assist states/districts with administering assessments, and collecting and interpreting test data.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Provide adequate funding to assist state and local education agencies in administering assessments, and collecting and interpreting data in a timely manner so it can be useful to educators.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Governors Association (NGA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Promote, reward and fund state P-16 data collection systems, and align NCLB with other federal education data requirements.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Promote, reward and fund the voluntary use of state P-16 data collection systems. Congress and the administration also must align NCLB and other federal education data requirements.

Exemplary state longitudinal data systems that measure student progress will help pinpoint the holes in the education pipeline by improving system-wide accountability and the relationship between teaching and learning, as well as inform resource allocation.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National School Boards Association (NSBA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require nonpublic school students receiving Title I benefits to take same assessments as public schools, with accountability and test reporting requirements.
DSR 1 - Full Recommendation Require students receiving Title I benefits in nonpublic schools to be given the same assessments, as public school students, with appropriate accountability and test reporting requirements to parents and school districts that are required by NCLB to provide consultative services to those non public schools.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)


Abbreviation Key for Organizations
AASA = American Association of School Administrators
AFT = American Federation of Teachers
BCSA = Business Coalition for Student Achievement
Comm. NCLB = Commission on No Child Left Behind
CCSSO = Council of Chief State School Officers
ECS = Education Commission of the States
Ed Trust = Education Trust
FEA = Forum on Educational Accountability
NAESP = National Association of Elementary School Principals
NASBE = National Association of State Boards of Education
NASSP = National Association of Secondary School Principals
NCSL = National Conference of State Legislatures
NEA = National Education Association
NGA = National Governors Association
NSBA = National School Boards Association


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