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English Language Learners (ELL)
NCLB Reauthorization

To better inform the national debate on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reauthorization, ECS collected and synthesized recommendations by national organizations to improve the federal law.

ECS' database is organized around 16 issue areas that captured most recommendations. Some organizations did not offer recommendations for all issues, at least according to our analysis. And several recommendations appear more than once since they applied to multiple issue areas.

The summary and full text of all organizations' original recommendations for English Language Learners (ELL) are listed in this report. Please see the main page for additional reports and sources for the database.

Highlights
(See Abbreviation Key at end of table)

Organizations that addressed this issue: 13 of 15
AASA; AFT; BCSA; Comm. NCLB; CCSSO; ECS; NAESP; NASBE; NASSP; NCSL; NEA; NGA; and NSBA

Organizations that did not address this issue2 of 15
Ed Trust and FEA

Comments
All but one organization made suggestions regarding English Language Learners (ELL) and the overarching theme was greater flexibility. The recommendations focused on allowing more ELL students to take alternative assessments and providing assistance to develop valid exams and accommodations. Secondly, organizations requested that ELL students be counted in this AYP subgroup until they acquire English proficiency or at least for a longer time period than currently permitted.



Visit ECS' Database on NCLB Reauthorization main page for more information, explanations and access to organizations' original reports. Please note that ECS plans to expand the database as more information becomes available.

Database Last Updated: July 2007

This database was created and compiled by Mary Fulton, ECS policy analyst.
For questions and comments: 303.299.3679 or mfulton@ecs.org
NCLB Reauthorization : American Association of School Administrators (AASA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Identify struggling schools on continuum of success, target assistance to highest need students and tailor accountability systems to needs of students with disabilities and ELL students.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Improve state accountability systems by making them: (a) more accurate in identifying schools on a continuum of success in raising achievement of Title I students and targeting assistance to schools most in need and (b)fairer to special education and English language learner (ELL) students by tailoring the accountability requirements and assessments to their individual needs.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to develop tests and guidelines for ELL student accommodations.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Require states to develop native language and linguistically modified tests and to provide guidelines for school districts on appropriate accommodations for English language learner (ELL) students.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure state tests are valid and reliable for ELL students when part of accountability.
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Ensure that state tests are valid and reliable for English language learner (ELL) students when they are included in accountability systems.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Business Coalition for Student Achievement (BCSA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Fund better assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Fund development of better assessments for special education students and English language learner (ELL) students.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Commission on No Child Left Behind (Comm. NCLB)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Extend time period, from two years to three years, that ELL students who have attained English proficiency to remain in the ELL subgroup for AYP.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Allow schools to more accurately measure the achievement of English language learner (ELL) students by extending the time period, from two years to three years, that ELL students who have attained proficiency in English can remain in the ELL subgroup for AYP purposes.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Target federal funds to alternate assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Target federal funds to creating and implementing alternate assessments for students with disabilities and English language learner (ELL) students.
ELL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Withhold funding if states do not develop and implement English language proficiency standards, assessments and achievement objectives.
ELL 3 - Full Recommendation Withhold a portion of a state’s administrative funding if that state has not fully developed and implemented English language proficiency standards, assessments and annual measurable achievement objectives.
ELL 4 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to use alternate assessments in academic subjects and English proficiency for ELL students who have been in U.S. schools less than three years.
ELL 4 - Full Recommendation Increase assessment options for English language learner (ELL) students by allowing states to develop and implement alternate assessments in academic subjects and English language proficiency for ELL students who have been in U.S. schools for less than three years.
ELL 5 - Summary of Recommendation Require Education Department to develop common scale for measuring English proficiency.
ELL 5 - Full Recommendation Require Education Department to develop a common scale across states for measuring English proficiency.
ELL 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to establish teacher certification endorsement for those spending more than 25% of time instructing ELL students.
ELL 6 - Full Recommendation

Ensure that individuals who teach English language learners receive the training and support they need by requiring states to establish an endorsement for teacher certification for those who spend more than 25% of their teaching time providing instruction to English language learners.

ELL 7 - Summary of Recommendation Implement and require regular reporting of Education Department's system to track migrant student health and education records. 
ELL 7 - Full Recommendation Strengthening the tracking of the health and education records of migrant students by ensuring the complete and timely implementation of the new Education Department effort to link state systems, and by requiring the Department to report to Congress every two years on the linkage system’s implementation and operation, as well as recommendations for system improvement.
ELL 8 - Summary of Recommendation Give priority assistance to migrant students who are low achieving, mobile or disabled.
ELL 8 - Full Recommendation Support migrant students who are most in need by giving priority for migrant student assistance to children who are achieving below state standards, have the highest degree of mobility or are disabled.
ELL 9 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure migrant students with disabilities receive evaluations and services under IDEA.
ELL 9 - Full Recommendation Ensure migrant students with disabilities receive the evaluations and services to which they are entitled under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
ELL 10 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to submit counts of migrant children and document accuracy of data, which should be audited by Education Department.
ELL 10 - Full Recommendation Require states to submit, along with their counts of migrant children, documentation on the accuracy of these counts. The Education Department would annually select a small number of states to audit to determine the accuracy of these migrant student counts.
ELL 11 - Summary of Recommendation Expand qualifications for migrant workers, therefore, allowing their children to qualify for migrant educational programs.
ELL 11 - Full Recommendation Eliminate the dual system of classification that has developed in many parts of the country by allowing individuals to qualify as migrant workers (and therefore allowing their children to qualify for migrant educational program services) if they work in an employment field that qualifies them as migrant workers, regardless of their original intent in seeking employment.
ELL 12 - Summary of Recommendation Require Education Department to coordinate migrant services with Departments of Labor and Health and Human Services.
ELL 12 - Full Recommendation Minimize gaps in services by requiring the Education Department to coordinate services funded under Title I, Part C, with migrant services provided by the U.S. Department of Labor and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Include ELL students in state assessment and accountability systems based on ambitious but educationally sound measures and goals.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Encourage inclusion of English language learner (ELL) students in state assessment and accountability systems in a manner that is most meaningful for the full range of ELL students, based on ambitious but educationally sound performance measures and goals.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to include new immigrant ELL students in school accountability based on multiple measures for at least 3 years.
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Permit states to properly include new immigrant English language learner (ELL) students in school accountability based on multiple measures for several years (no fewer than 3 years) where educationally appropriate.
ELL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow full range of alternate assessments and value individualized growth of ELL students.
ELL 3 - Full Recommendation Allow the use of a full range of alternate assessments and to value individualized growth for English language learner (ELL) students.
ELL 4 - Summary of Recommendation Continue to count ELL student performance in this AYP subgroup for appropriate period once they transfer out.
ELL 4 - Full Recommendation Count the performance of students who recently transitioned out of the English language learner (ELL) student subgroup in subgroup accountability determinations for an appropriate period.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Commission of the States (ECS)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow more time and make accommodations for immigrant students to undergo acculturation to American society. 
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Make modifications that allow different cultural biases to be accommodated or provide more time for students to undergo acculturation. This is particularly important for students who are recent immigrants and do not or cannot relate in conceptual terms to subject matter that reflects mainstream American culture.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Trust (Ed Trust)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Forum on Educational Accountability (FEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require state standards for ELL students and plans for participation in assessments given in English.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Require states to develop standards for the education of English language learner (ELL) students, including provisions for each to have a specific plan that establishes the point at which the student is to participate in state subject matter assessments given in English.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Give state assessments to students after they become proficient in English.
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Require students whose first language is not English be given the state assessments only after he or she has become proficient in English.
ELL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Use growth model to assess ELL student achievement.
ELL 3 - Full Recommendation Base assessment of the achievement of English language learners (ELL) on a growth model that measures their progress from year to year.

Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to use English proficiency attainment to hold schools/districts accountable for ELL students.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Allow state to use English proficiency attainment to hold schools and districts accountable for English language learner (ELL) students, in cases where it would be valid, reliable, and consistent with the student’s educational program.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funds to states for educating significant number of low-income immigrant children.
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Provide federal education funds to states with significant numbers of low-income immigrants to offset the costs of educating their children. Such funding is appropriate since control over immigration is exclusively a function of the federal government.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Incorporate ELL student scores in AYP determination after they developed language proficiency.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation

Incorporate scores of English language learners (ELL) in AYP determination after these students have developed language proficiency, as evidenced by a research-based and state-approved assessment.

  • Research suggests that 7–10 years is required for individuals to become cognitive academic language proficient— the level of language proficiency required to demonstrate academic proficiency on assessment. NCLB requires reporting scores of new ELL students in three years, a period of time often insufficient for the development of language functionality.
  • The practice of testing students in the English language on academic assessments is confusing, inappropriate, and of little value for ELL students who have not yet mastered the language.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine when to use native-language or English-only tests for ELL students.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Provide states flexibility to determine when to administer native-language tests to English language learner (ELL) students and when to use English-only tests.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide states flexibility to determine when to hold schools accountable for including ELL students in AYP.
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Provide states with flexibility to determine when to hold schools accountable for including English language learner (ELL) students in AYP calculations.
ELL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Publicize states' option of setting different “n” sizes for ELL student subgroups for AYP purposes.
ELL 3 - Full Recommendation Ensure Education Department publicizes the option for states to set a different “n” size — the minimum number of students needed to establish a subgroup in a school for reporting purposes — for English language learner (ELL) students. This option has been made available to some states with respect to students with disabilities and also should be available to the states for ELL students.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Education Association (NEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure assessments are valid, reliable and provide common-sense flexibility for all student groups, including ELL students.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Ensure assessment systems are appropriate, valid and reliable for all groups of students, including students with disabilities and English language learner (ELL) students, and provide for common-sense flexibility for assessing these student subgroups.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding for appropriate assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Provide adequate funding to develop and improve appropriate assessments for students with disabilities and English language learner (ELL) students.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Governors Association (NGA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Provide flexibility in AYP to give ELL students time to overcome language barriers and make academic gains. Ensure ELL gains are reflected in school data.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Encourage Congress and the administration to work with governors to provide flexibility within AYP to ensure that English language learner (ELL) students are given adequate time to overcome language barriers and make academic gains, and that ELL student gains are accurately reflected within school data.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National School Boards Association (NSBA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow ELL students to be counted in this subgroup for AYP up to three years after tranferring from the group.
ELL 1 - Full Recommendation Allow English language learner (ELL) students to be counted in this subgroup for AYP purposes for an additional three years after tranferring from this group. The current regulation is codified relating to 1) first year students in the United States, and 2) counting students as ELL for determining AYP once they leave the group.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow ELL students to take alternate assessment for up to three years, based on individual targets for meeting state standards.`
ELL 2 - Full Recommendation Provide English language learner (ELL) students an alternate assessment that is based on making specific gains individually determined for that student toward meeting state standards for up to three years, as determined by the local school district.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)


Abbreviation Key for Organizations
AASA = American Association of School Administrators
AFT = American Federation of Teachers
BCSA = Business Coalition for Student Achievement
Comm. NCLB = Commission on No Child Left Behind
CCSSO = Council of Chief State School Officers
ECS = Education Commission of the States
Ed Trust = Education Trust
FEA = Forum on Educational Accountability
NAESP = National Association of Elementary School Principals
NASBE = National Association of State Boards of Education
NASSP = National Association of Secondary School Principals
NCSL = National Conference of State Legislatures
NEA = National Education Association
NGA = National Governors Association
NSBA = National School Boards Association


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