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School Leadership (SL)
NCLB Reauthorization

To better inform the national debate on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reauthorization, ECS collected and synthesized recommendations by national organizations to improve the federal law.

ECS' database is organized around 16 issue areas that captured most recommendations. Some organizations did not offer recommendations for all issues, at least according to our analysis. And several recommendations appear more than once since they applied to multiple issue areas.

The summary and full text of all organizations' original recommendations for School Leadership (SL) are listed in this report. Please see the main page for additional reports and sources for the database.

Highlights
(See Abbreviation Key at end of table)

Organizations that addressed this issue: 6 of 15
BCSA; Comm. NCLB; Ed Trust; FEA; NAESP; and NEA

Organizations that did not address this issue: 9 of 15
AASA; AFT; CCSSO; ECS; NASBE; NASSP; NCSL; NGA; and NSBA

Comments
School leadership was not prominent in the initial NCLB, but the issue has gained considerable attention in recent years. Policymakers, researchers, foundations and others have recognized the important role strong leadership plays in turning around low-performing schools and managing the demands of all schools. Perhaps it is not surprising, therefore, that several organizations called for greater inclusion of school principals, in particular their professional development and ability to recruit qualified teachers, for the next iteration of NCLB.



Visit ECS' Database on NCLB Reauthorization main page for more information, explanations and access to organizations' original reports. Please note that ECS plans to expand the database as more information becomes available.

Database Last Updated: July 2007

This database was created and compiled by Mary Fulton, ECS policy analyst.
For questions and comments: 303.299.3679 or mfulton@ecs.org

NCLB Reauthorization : American Association of School Administrators (AASA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Business Coalition for Student Achievement (BCSA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure principal and teacher policies improve student performance and prepare them for postsecondary education and work. Require institutions responsible for educator effectiveness to be evaluated.
SL 1 - Full Recommendation Align principal and teacher preparation, recruitment, induction, retention and professional development with the knowledge and skills needed to improve student performance and to enable all students to graduate from high school ready for postsecondary education and the workplace. Require the institutions and other entities that receive funding for these purposes to evaluate their impact on increased educator effectiveness.
SL 2 - Summary of Recommendation

Institute performance-based pay to improve student achievement and recruit principals and teachers to high need subjects and schools.

SL 2 - Full Recommendation

Institute performance- and market-based pay programs that: reward educators whose performance contributes to substantial growth in student achievement, attract and retain effective math and science teachers and adjunct faculty, and draw effective teachers and leaders to high-need schools.

SL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Base teacher and principal evaluations primarily on improved student performance.
SL 3 - Full Recommendation Develop teacher and principal evaluation systems based primarily on improved student performance.
SL 4 - Summary of Recommendation

Implement policies and practices to quickly and fairly remove ineffective educators.

SL 4 - Full Recommendation

Implement policies and practices to quickly and fairly remove ineffective educators.

Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Commission on No Child Left Behind (Comm. NCLB)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Establish definition of Highly Effective Principal (HEP) and require all principals in Title I schools to meet requirements.
SL 1 - Full Recommendation Enhance school leadership by establishing a definition of a Highly Effective Principal (HEP). This requires principals to obtain certification or licensure as required in their state, demonstrate the necessary skills for effectively leading a school and, most importantly, produce improvements in student achievement that are comparable to high-achieving schools made up of student populations with similar challenges. All principals should meet this new definition, but it would be required for those working in a Title I school.
SL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Require districts in need of improvement to dedicate portion of Title I funds to principal professional development.
SL 2 - Full Recommendation Improve the quality and quantity of professional development for school leaders by requiring districts in need of improvement to dedicate a portion of their Title I funds to the professional development of principals.
SL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Focus teacher and principal professional development funding on activities proven to strengthen teacher instruction.
SL 3 - Full Recommendation Focus No Child Left Behind's (NCLB) specific teacher and principal professional development funding—Title II of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)—on activities that are proven to strengthen the ability of teachers to provide better instruction.
SL 4 - Summary of Recommendation Include principals in needs assessments for teachers and principals before allocating Title II funds.
SL 4 - Full Recommendation Identify the needs of both principals and teachers more accurately by requiring principals to be included in the needs assessment conducted before allocating Title II funding.
SL 5 - Summary of Recommendation Allow principals in Title I schools to refuse transfer of teachers who are not highly qualified or effective.
SL 5 - Full Recommendation Grant principals in Title I schools the ability to refuse the transfer of a teacher into his or her school if that teacher has not obtained Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) or Highly Qualified and Effective Teacher (HQET) status. Giving principals more control over who teaches in their school will empower them to build a qualified, effective and cohesive team of teachers.
SL 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require a 12th-grade state assessment to determine performance gains, teacher and principal effectiveness and preparation for college and work.
SL 6 - Full Recommendation Ensure the continuous achievement of high school students by requiring states to administer an additional assessment in grade 12.

This 12th grade assessment will create a useful measure of a high school’s effectiveness in preparing students for life after high school and make possible the inclusion of growth calculations in AYP for high schools and Highly Qualified and Effective Teacher (HQET) and Highly Effective Principal (HEP) measurements. This assessment would not be the sole determinant of whether a student graduates and receives a diploma. States can consider awarding college credit in state-supported colleges and universities for students who show mastery of college-level material on this assessment.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Commission of the States (ECS)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Trust (Ed Trust)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow principals in low-performing schools to refuse “involuntary” teacher transfers.
SL 1 - Full Recommendation Allow principals of schools identified as “In Need of Comprehensive Improvement” to refuse any teachers through “involuntary” transfer.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Forum on Educational Accountability (FEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure teacher and administrator preparation and professional development improve student achievement.
SL 1 - Full Recommendation Ensure changes in teacher and administrator preparation and continuing professional development that research evidence and experience indicate improve educational quality and student achievement.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure principal, teacher and other education professional qualification criteria are state responsibility.
SL 1 - Full Recommendation Ensure criteria for determining the qualifications of principals, teachers and other education professionals are the responsibility of each state.
SL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide resources for state qualification systems/processes to help education professionals perform successfully.
SL 2 - Full Recommendation Provide federal resources to assist states in establishing a qualification systems and a process to help education professionals reach and maintain their peak performance levels.
SL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Provide resources to help states recruit and retain qualified principals and teachers in shortage areas.
SL 3 - Full Recommendation Provide resources for the development of programs to recruit and retain excellent education professionals for states experiencing a shortage of qualified principals and/or teachers.
SL 4 - Summary of Recommendation Require ongoing, high-quality professional development for principals.
SL 4 - Full Recommendation Require that school principals receive ongoing, high-quality professional development that addresses their unique role as instructional leaders of schools.
SL 5 - Summary of Recommendation Provide assistance and funds for principal and teacher mentoring programs.
SL 5 - Full Recommendation Provide assistance to districts and states to develop and fund mentoring programs for principals and teachers during their first three years in their new positions.
SL 6 - Summary of Recommendation Fund research on instructional leadership, pedagogy and child and adolescent development to inform professional development.
SL 6 - Full Recommendation Provide federal funding for research on instructional leadership, pedagogy (best practices), and child and adolescent development to inform the professional development opportunities provided throughout an educator’s career.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Education Association (NEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Provide hard-to-staff schools with sufficient, well-trained administrators and support professionals.
SL 1 - Full Recommendation Provide hard-to-staff schools with an adequate number of well-trained administrators and support professionals, including paraeducators, counselors, social workers, school nurses, psychologists and clerical support.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Governors Association (NGA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National School Boards Association (NSBA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)


Abbreviation Key for Organizations
AASA = American Association of School Administrators
AFT = American Federation of Teachers
BCSA = Business Coalition for Student Achievement
Comm. NCLB = Commission on No Child Left Behind
CCSSO = Council of Chief State School Officers
ECS = Education Commission of the States
Ed Trust = Education Trust
FEA = Forum on Educational Accountability
NAESP = National Association of Elementary School Principals
NASBE = National Association of State Boards of Education
NASSP = National Association of Secondary School Principals
NCSL = National Conference of State Legislatures
NEA = National Education Association
NGA = National Governors Association
NSBA = National School Boards Association


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