Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 1200 • Denver, CO 80203-3460 • 303.299.3600 • Fax: 303.296.8332 • www.ecs.org

Supplemental Education Services (SES)
NCLB Reauthorization

To better inform the national debate on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reauthorization, ECS collected and synthesized recommendations by national organizations to improve the federal law.

ECS' database is organized around 16 issue areas that captured most recommendations. Some organizations did not offer recommendations for all issues, at least according to our analysis. And several recommendations appear more than once since they applied to multiple issue areas.

The summary and full text of all organizations' original recommendations for Supplemental Education Services (SES) are listed in this report. Please see the main page for additional reports and sources for the database.

Highlights
(See Abbreviation Key at end of table)

Organizations that addressed this issue: 11 of 15
AFT; BCSA; Comm. NCLB; CCSSO; ECS; NASBE; NASSP; NCSL; NEA; NGA; and NSBA

Organizations that did not address this issue4 of 15
AASA; Ed Trust; FEA; and NAESP

Comments
Recommendations related to supplemental education services (SES), or student tutoring, were equally divided among four key areas. Proposals included expanding SES and school choice options and information, targeting assistance to the lowest-performing students and schools, allowing SES before school choice and ensuring SES providers are qualified.


Visit ECS' Database on NCLB Reauthorization main page for more information, explanations and access to organizations' original reports. Please note that ECS plans to expand the database as more information becomes available.

Database Last Updated: July 2007

This database was created and compiled by Mary Fulton, ECS policy analyst.
For questions and comments: 303.299.3679 or mfulton@ecs.org

NCLB Reauthorization : American Association of School Administrators (AASA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require SES providers to use research-based methods, employ NCLB-qualified instructors and follow discrimination rules.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Require that supplemental educational service providers use research-based methods, employ instructors that meet NCLB’s qualification requirements, and are subject to federal rules regarding discrimination.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Business Coalition for Student Achievement (BCSA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require districts to provide parents with timely and understandable information on SES and school choice options.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Require districts to provide parents with timely and easily understood information on their options and allow them to choose either supplemental education services or moving to a higher performing public school.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Commission on No Child Left Behind (Comm. NCLB)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require districts unable to accommodate school transfer requests to offer SES to students.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Ensure that students in struggling schools receive the support they deserve by requiring districts that are unable to accommodate all requests for public school choice to offer supplemental educational services (SES) to otherwise eligible students.
SES 2 - Summary of Recommendation Improve access to SES by requiring districts to offer space in school facilities for private providers if offered to other entities.
SES 2 - Full Recommendation Improve access to supplemental education services (SES) providers by requiring districts to offer space in school facilities for private providers of SES if they offer the use of school facilities to other non-school-affiliated entities.
SES 3 - Summary of Recommendation Expand SES enrollment opportunities and allow districts to form consortiums to improve supplemental services.
SES 3 - Full Recommendation Provide enrollment periods for supplemental education services several times a year and allow districts to form consortiums to better inform parents and provide SES to students.
SES 4 - Summary of Recommendation Allow districts to reserve 1% of SES funds for administration.
SES 4 - Full Recommendation Strengthen the administrative support for districts to operate supplemental education service programs effectively by allowing them to reserve 1% of the funds expended on SES for administration.
SES 5 - Summary of Recommendation Require districts to establish a point of contact for parents on SES and public school choice.
SES 5 - Full Recommendation Simplify the process for parents seeking to learn about options for their children by requiring districts to identify and publicize a person or office that would operate as a point of contact on supplemental education services (SES) and public school choice.
SES 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require states and Education Department to evaluate impact of SES providers on student achievement.
SES 6 - Full Recommendation Ensure that supplemental education services (SES) providers are effective in producing student learning gains by requiring states to evaluate the impact of their SES providers on the achievement of children, and by requiring the Education Department to use a portion of Title I funding to study the nationwide effects of SES on student achievement.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Expand SES offerings by districts and to parents, permit states to change order of consequences (choice and SES) and target SES based on academic need.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Focus more on supports for schools and students, to increase parental choice regarding the kinds of supplemental educational services provided, to permit states and districts to change the order of required consequences (particularly choice versus supplemental educational services), and to target supplemental educational services based on academic need, and to increase opportunities for the provision of supplemental educational services at the district level.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Commission of the States (ECS)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure eligible students have access to supplemental services, interventions and safe schools as soon as possible.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Ensure all eligible students have access to supplemental services, appropriate interventions and safe schools. This may require federal officials to make a greater investment in technical assistance programs to turn around low-performing schools. Children simply cannot wait seven years for the most serious NCLB measures to take effect.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Trust (Ed Trust)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Forum on Educational Accountability (FEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to set qualifications for SES provider instructional staff.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Allow states to set their own professional qualifications for the instructional personnel of supplemental service providers.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Eliminate requirement that Title I funds be used for transportation for school improvement purposes.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation

Eliminate requirement that Title I funds be reserved for transportation; funds needed for transportation should be in addition to—not subtracted from—a district’s Title I allocation. 

  • Use of Title I funds for transportation costs is a regressive policy. Title I funds are intended for school improvement purposes and should be used for in-school programs. 
  • As more Title I schools reach year three of corrective action, the full 20% set-aside will potentially be used for supplemental services and school choice, leaving little funding for other instructional support in schools that have the greatest demonstrated need.
  • A negative consequence of the transportation set-aside is that school districts are supplanting state transportation funds with federal funds.
SES 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow carryover and flexible use of SES funds by states and schools.
SES 2 - Full Recommendation

Allow schools and states to carryover supplemental services funds an additional year if they are unspent due to calendar constraints, and to spend the funding in a more flexible manner on Title I services.

  • Current federal law and regulations require schools to reserve a percentage of Title I funds for supplemental services expenses. If the funds are not expended by the end of the year, there is a small window of time within which schools can use these funds for other purposes. There is not always sufficient time and flexibility to expend these funds.
  • The late release of unused set-aside funds and the resulting impracticality of being able to spend all those funds in that school year, results in the appearance of excessive carryover and decreased district need, which is quite the opposite of reality.
  • Funds that are not appropriated until late in the school year should be carried over to the next school year.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to provide SES only in academic subjects that causes schools to miss AYP.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Allow states to use NCLB money to provide supplemental education services only in the academic subject area that causes schools to miss AYP. This would help schools target interventions specifically to the subject areas of academic deficiency.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Education Association (NEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow time to implement improvement plans before applying sanctions; apply sanctions only when same subgroup fails same subject; target choice and SES to groups that fail AYP; provide SES before school choice.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation

Correct specific flaws of current AYP system if certain elements are maintained. These corrections include:

  • Providing more than one year to implement improvement plans before subjecting schools or districts to additional sanctions
  • Designating schools or districts as "in need of improvement" only when the same subgroup of students fails to make AYP in the same subject for at least two consecutive years
  • Targeting school choice and supplemental educational services (SES) to the specific subgroups that fail to make AYP
  • Providing SES prior to providing school choice; and ensuring that SES providers serve all eligible students and utilize only highly qualified teachers.
SES 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide separate funding stream for SES and school choice.
SES 2 - Full Recommendation Provide a separate ESEA funding stream for supplemental education services and school choice, if these mandates remain in the law.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Governors Association (NGA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states offer SES before providing school choice.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Allow states to raise student achievement by first offering supplemental services before providing school choice. Governors support this logical progression of services for students, with an emphasis on helping students receive high quality services while staying in their school.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National School Boards Association (NSBA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow districts to offer SES before school transfer options.
SES 1 - Full Recommendation Offer supplemental services in the first year that a school is in improvement status – rather than only offering the transfer option for that year.
SES 2 - Summary of Recommendation Require SES only for low achieving students within subgroups that fail to make AYP.
SES 2 - Full Recommendation Require supplemental services to be offered only to low achieving students within the specific group that fails to make AYP in the same subject for two or more years.
SES 3 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to consult with districts in developing criteria for SES providers.
SES 3 - Full Recommendation Require states to consult with school districts in developing criteria for supplemental service providers.
SES 4 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to develop, and make available, procedures for districts to bring complaints regarding SES providers.
SES 4 - Full Recommendation Require states to develop – and make available to the public – procedures to enable local school districts to bring complaints regarding the selection and performance of supplemental service providers, and number of schools served by the provider if such scope of service adversely affects the quality of service.
SES 5 - Summary of Recommendation Do not deny district's ability to provide SES based solely on whether it made AYP or is in NCLB sanction status.
SES 5 - Full Recommendation Do not deny school districts the opportunity to provide supplemental services solely because they did not make AYP or they are in improvement, corrective action or restructuring status.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)


Abbreviation Key for Organizations
AASA = American Association of School Administrators
AFT = American Federation of Teachers
BCSA = Business Coalition for Student Achievement
Comm. NCLB = Commission on No Child Left Behind
CCSSO = Council of Chief State School Officers
ECS = Education Commission of the States
Ed Trust = Education Trust
FEA = Forum on Educational Accountability
NAESP = National Association of Elementary School Principals
NASBE = National Association of State Boards of Education
NASSP = National Association of Secondary School Principals
NCSL = National Conference of State Legislatures
NEA = National Education Association
NGA = National Governors Association
NSBA = National School Boards Association


© 2008 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is a nonprofit interstate compact that helps state leaders shape education policy.

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please fax a request to the attention of the ECS Communications Department, 303.296.8332 or e-mail ecs@ecs.org.

Helping State Leaders Shape Education Policy