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Assessment, Standards & Curriculum (ASC)
Summary of Recommendations
NCLB Reauthorization

To better inform the national debate on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reauthorization, ECS collected and synthesized recommendations by national organizations to improve the federal law.

ECS' database is organized around 16 issue areas that captured most recommendations. Some organizations did not offer recommendations for all issues, at least according to our analysis. And several recommendations appear more than once since they applied to multiple issue areas.

The summary of all organizations' original recommendations for Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC) are listed in this report. Please see the main page for additional reports and sources for databases.

Highlights
(See Abbreviation Key at end of table)

Organizations that addressed this issue: 15 of 15
AASA; AFT; BCSA; Comm. NCLB; CCSSO; ECS; Ed Trust; FEA; NAESP; NASBE; NASSP; NCSL; NEA; NGA; and NSBA
Organizations that did not address this issue: None

Comments
Most organizations suggested expanding the use of alternative assessments for students with disabilities and English Language Learners (ELL), as well as providing more assistance to develop these exams. There also were several recommendations to improve state assessment systems, along with data collection and analysis capacity. And half the organizations would like to see greater flexibility, whether in terms of the types of exams allowed (e.g., local or computer-based), grades tested or factoring in multiple test results.

About a handful of organizations recommended that states strengthen their standards to reflect a broader curriculum and level of skills, and to connect with college and work demands. A few organizations emphasized the need to bolster math, science and technology in schools. Many of these organizations suggested that NCLB must go beyond basic reading and math skills and ensure students are prepared for the 21st century and global economy. They hint at the need to strive for equity as well as excellence.



Visit ECS' Database on NCLB Reauthorization main page for more information, explanations and access to organizations' original reports. Please note that ECS plans to expand the database as more information becomes available.

Database Last Updated: July 2007

This database was created and compiled by Mary Fulton, ECS policy analyst.
For questions and comments: 303.299.3679 or mfulton@ecs.org

NCLB Reauthorization : American Association of School Administrators (AASA)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Continually improve state standards to ensure match skills and knowledge students expected to master in school.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Develop state tests that allow tracking progress of students and student cohorts toward performance standards and AYP targets.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Vertically align state standards and allow use of AYP or benchmarks to measure student progress toward growth expectations that are based on sample of student progress. 
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Create valid state tests for students with disabilities that are consistent with IEP benchmarks for meeting state standards.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Allow districts to replace state assessments with local assessments keyed to state content and performance standards.
ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to create clear paths to the knowledge and skills students are expected to master throughout their schooling career.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Prohibit unnecessary and duplicative student testing.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Reduce schools’ exclusive focus on reading and math.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Offer grants for states to develop common standards, curriculum and assessments for more consistency in proficiency and growth definitions.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure state accountability systems fairly and accurately measure student progress and achievement, and are tied to standards and assessments.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Allow IEP teams to determine students with disabilities' participation in state assessments.
ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to develop tests and guidelines for ELL student accommodations.
ASC 7 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure state tests are valid and reliable for ELL students when part of accountability.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Business Coalition for Student Achievement (BCSA)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation

Provide incentives for states to align state standards with college and workplace expectations for high school graduates.

ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation

Provide incentives for states to align standards and assessments with college and workplace expectations and benchmark them to world's best.

ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation

Increase and align science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) funding with NCLB goals and require rigorous program evaluation.

ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation

Scale up programs to improve teaching and learning in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) subjects.

ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation

Add science to AYP and support state participation in NAEP science assessments.

ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Fund better assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Commission on No Child Left Behind (Comm. NCLB)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Bar Education Department from interfering with state, district or school curriculum or program if it meets ESEA requirements.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Maintain and target federal support for developing state assessments to measure progress of all students.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Target federal funds to alternate assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Target federal funds to develop high-quality science assessments.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Target federal funds to upgrade test delivery and scoring technology for quicker and more accurate data.
ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Allow districts to use Title I funds for formative assessments aligned to state standards to improve instruction. Require such assessments for low-performing schools.
ASC 7 - Summary of Recommendation Develop state plans for universally designed assessment systems for all types of learners.
ASC 8 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to align grade-level tests to track student progress.
ASC 9 - Summary of Recommendation Require states to assess academic standards against requirements for success in college, workforce and society.
ASC 10 - Summary of Recommendation Develop national model for standards and tests based on NAEP and give states three participation options.
ASC 11 - Summary of Recommendation Require Secretary of Education to issue reports comparing rigor of state standards to national model using  common metric.
ASC 12 - Summary of Recommendation Require a 12th-grade state assessment to determine performance gains, teacher and principal effectiveness and preparation for college and work.
ASC 13 - Summary of Recommendation Withhold funding if states do not develop and implement English language proficiency standards, assessments and achievement objectives.
ASC 14 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to use alternate assessments in academic subjects and English proficiency for ELL students who have been in U.S. schools less than three years.
ASC 15 - Summary of Recommendation Require Education Department to develop common scale for measuring English proficiency.
ASC 16 - Summary of Recommendation Authorize districts to administer screening assessments to preschool and kindergarten students to identify learning needs.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Encourage variety of state and local assessment models to improve teaching and learning and promote better accountability.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Permit use of multiple state and local assessments and allow states to vary frequency and grade spans of assessments.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Provide continued support for states to strengthen assessment systems.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Include students with disabilities in state assessment and accountability systems based on ambitious but educationally sound goals and measures.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Permit alternate assessments measured against alternate/modified standards based on individualized growth expectations for students with disabilities.
ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Include ELL students in state assessment and accountability systems based on ambitious but educationally sound measures and goals.
ASC 7 - Summary of Recommendation Allow full range of alternate assessments and value individualized growth of ELL students.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Commission of the States (ECS)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow greater variation in testing options, such as value-added, that are valid and tied to state standards.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Trust (Ed Trust)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require Congress to create $750 million Curriculum Development Fund for states to develop high quality curriculum materials, provide professional development around curriculum and create assessments based on curriculum.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Continue Congressional support to improve quality of state assessments, including for ELL students and students with disabilities; create classroom assessments tied to state standards; and design college- and career- ready assessments.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to use achievement of college- and career-ready standards as alternative measure for AYP as long as states meet several specified requirements. States that raise these standards would be allowed to adjust AYP timelines and targets.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Forum on Educational Accountability (FEA)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Help states develop assessments that provide better and more timely student learning information.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Enforce NCLB assessment requirements related to alignment with state standards, technical quality, student progress measurement and diagnostic usefulness.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to assess students annually in selected grades in elementary, middle and high schools.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require state assessments to identify high student achievement levels fairly and equitably.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Require state assessments to use growth model to show student and subgroup progress.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Require state assessments to use multiple measures of student progress and achievement.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Provide federal grants to states for promising innovations in assessment.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Use growth models to assess student with disabilities' achievement for AYP.
ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Assess students with disabilities at level they are taught even if differs from grade level.
ASC 7 - Summary of Recommendation Require state standards for ELL students and plans for participating in assessments given in English.
ASC 8 - Summary of Recommendation Give state assessments to students after they become proficient in English.
ASC 9 - Summary of Recommendation Use growth models to assess ELL student achievement.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to use multiple indicators to evaluate student, school and system performance under federal assessment requirements.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding for states to comply with testing requirements.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Defer to state assessment and accountability systems, unless federal officials have good cause to do otherwise.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Require all public schools, charter schools and nonpublic schools receiving federal funds to use state assessments and AYP criteria.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Require Education Department to accept all state high school "exit" documents as certification of graduation.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Accept state high school "exit" documents for students with disabilities until they are 21 years old.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Incorporate ELL student scores in AYP determination after they developed language proficiency based on state assessments.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Base AYP multiple assessment results and multiple opportunities to retake state tests.
ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Expand alternative assessments for students with disabilities that are counted for AYP.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Recognize IDEA takes precedence over NCLB for students with disabilities. Allow states to use IEPs to determine appropriate curriculum, standards and assessments for students with disabilities.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine percentage of students with disabilities for whom out-of-level standards and tests are appropriate, based on IEPs.

ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine when to use native-language or English-only tests for ELL students.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Education Association (NEA)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Give states flexibility with accountability systems and which grades to test.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure assessments are valid, reliable and provide common-sense flexibility for all student groups.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure assessment and accountability systems align with standards and curricula, improve student learning and do not narrow curricula.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Create grant program to ensure schools offer a comprehensive curriculum.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure standards and assessments include skills and knowledge necessary for work and civic life in 21st century.
ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding for assessments that measure higher order thinking skills.
ASC 7 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding for appropriate assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
ASC 8 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding for states/districts to administer assessments and to collect and interpret testing data.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Governors Association (NGA)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Approve state plans related to any new NCLB assessment requirements if plans meet goals of federal accountability policies.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Encourage students to pursue math and science careers through rigorous curricula, research and development systems, and accountability for students and teachers.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Continue funding for student and family literacy initiatives.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Develop federal initiatives to educate a more knowledgeable citizenry through subjects such as history, geography and civics.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Prevent use of NAEP as state proficiency measurement, substitute for state assessment or for rewards/sanctions; consult with governors before mandating 12th grade NAEP assessment; and ensure NAEP expenses are reimbursed.

Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National School Boards Association (NSBA)
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Offer alternative assessments, based on IEP, to students with disabilities for AYP purposes.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow students with disabilities' alternate assessments to include out of grade-level tests and base AYP on gain/growth or adjusted scores.
ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow ELL students to take alternate assessment for up to three years, based on individual targets for meeting state standards.
ASC 4 - Summary of Recommendation Use higher score of students assessed more than once prior to beginning of next school year for determining AYP.
ASC 5 - Summary of Recommendation Include assessment scores for AYP purposes of students who take exams prior to year normally offered and score proficient or above.

ASC 6 - Summary of Recommendation Require nonpublic school students receiving Title I benefits to take same assessments as public schools, with accountability and test reporting requirements.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)


Abbreviation Key for Organizations
AASA = American Association of School Administrators
AFT = American Federation of Teachers
BCSA = Business Coalition for Student Achievement
Comm. NCLB = Commission on No Child Left Behind
CCSSO = Council of Chief State School Officers
ECS = Education Commission of the States
Ed Trust = Education Trust
FEA = Forum on Educational Accountability
NAESP = National Association of Elementary School Principals
NASBE = National Association of State Boards of Education
NASSP = National Association of Secondary School Principals
NCSL = National Conference of State Legislatures
NEA = National Education Association
NGA = National Governors Association
NSBA = National School Boards Association


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