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Finance Issues (FI)
Summary of Recommendations
NCLB Reauthorization

To better inform the national debate on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reauthorization, ECS collected and synthesized recommendations by national organizations to improve the federal law.

ECS' database is organized around 16 issue areas that captured most recommendations. Some organizations did not offer recommendations for all issues, at least according to our analysis. And several recommendations appear more than once since they applied to multiple issue areas.

The summary of all organizations' original recommendations for Finance Issues (FI) are listed in this report. Please see the main page for additional reports and sources for the database.

Highlights
(See Abbreviation Key at end of table)

Organizations that addressed this issue: 14 of 15
AASA; AFT; Comm. NCLB; CCSSO; ECS; Ed Trust; FEA; NAESP; NASBE; NASSP; NCSL; NEA; NGA; and NSBA

Organizations that did not address this issue: 1 of 14
BCSA

Comments
By far, the most common recommendation under Finance was to adequately fund the far-reaching federal law. Despite the challenges of identifying actual costs, some organizations called upon Congress to study the fiscal responsibilities borne by states and districts to carry out NCLB's requirements and goals. Other proposals included more flexibility to spend federal funds and eliminating financial penalties for not fully participating in No Child Left Behind.



Visit ECS' Database on NCLB Reauthorization main page for more information, explanations and access to organizations' original reports. Please note that ECS plans to expand the database as more information becomes available.

Database Last Updated: July 2007

This database was created and compiled by Mary Fulton, ECS policy analyst.
For questions and comments: 303.299.3679 or mfulton@ecs.org
NCLB Reauthorization : American Association of School Administrators (AASA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Eliminate under-funding of federal programs by switching from grants to contracts with states and include specific compensation for activities.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Focus federal funds on increasing achievement among highest-poverty students.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Offer grants for states to develop common standards, curriculum and assessments for more consistency in proficiency and growth definitions.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Fund NCLB at levels promised in 2001 reauthorization.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Business Coalition for Student Achievement (BCSA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Commission on No Child Left Behind (Comm. NCLB)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow districts to reserve 1% of SES funds for administration.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Bolster state and district capacity to help low-performing schools by increasing Title I set aside funds and focusing restructuring on highest-need schools.
FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Withhold funding if states do not develop and implement English language proficiency standards, assessments and achievement objectives.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure NCLB funding levels reflect increased state roles and responsibilities to improve student achievement and close achievement gaps.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide additional and ongoing funding for state interventions in underperforming districts and schools, including for assessments and data systems.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Commission of the States (ECS)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Meet federal NCLB funding obligations once accurate costs are determined.  
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Identify NCLB requirements delayed due to costs and respond accordingly.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Education Trust (Ed Trust)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Prohibit transfer of Title II funds for teacher and principal quality to other Titles under NCLB.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Require, within five years, districts participating in Title I to show that non-federal funds (including teacher salaries) are equitably distributed across schools. Districts must report funding gaps until parity is achieved and ensure schools in need of improvement receive their fair share of funding.

FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Require districts to only allocate actual expenses to Title I budgets, including teacher salaries.
FI 4 - Summary of Recommendation Expand Education Finance Incentive Grant (EFIG) Program to encourage and reward equitable state education funding policies. Grants also should reflect state effort/capacity and regional cost of education.
FI 5 - Summary of Recommendation Focus Title II funds on high poverty schools, divided equally between district and principal-led efforts to improve teacher effectiveness.
FI 6 - Summary of Recommendation Increase school improvement funds and require that 70% of these federal and state funds target schools “In Need of Comprehensive Improvement.”
FI 7 - Summary of Recommendation Require that, within three years, districts close gaps between state and local funds provided to schools “In Need of Comprehensive Improvement” and average funding for non-Title I schools.
FI 8 - Summary of Recommendation Target 50% of new Title I funds at high schools and use 50% of proposed Curriculum Development Fund for high school level materials.
FI 9 - Summary of Recommendation Require districts to publish, on school report cards, the amount by which state and local funding for Title I schools is below district average. Require districts to publish plans for ensuring equitable school-to-school funding within three years.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : Forum on Educational Accountability (FEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Increase funding for states and districts to carry out Forum on Educational Accountability recommendations.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Fund Title I to serve 100% of eligible children.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Provide federal grants to states for promising innovations in assessment.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding to comply with testing requirements.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide adequate funds for federal education mandates. 
FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Limit reporting requirements to financial accountability and efficiency, and to constitutional and statutory requirements.
FI 4 - Summary of Recommendation Maintain accountability and oversight of state education board federal funds, provide adequate funding for state education departments and direct new funds through state boards.
FI 5 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funds to states for educating significant numbers of low-income immigrant children.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Eliminate funding reduction as AYP sanction.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Eliminate requirement that Title I funds be used for transportation for school improvement purposes.
FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow carryover and more flexible use of SES funds by states and schools.
FI 4 - Summary of Recommendation Allow use of Title II funds for teacher mentoring programs.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Clarify conditions placed on states' federal funds for increasing student proficiency and limit financial consequences for not participating in NCLB.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Conduct GAO study to determine whether NCLB is an unfunded or underfunded federal mandate.
FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Conduct GAO study of state/district costs for complying with NCLB administrative processes and achieving proficiency goals.
FI 4 - Summary of Recommendation Provide states with enough funding to cover compliance costs of NCLB, based on comprehensive study.
FI 5 - Summary of Recommendation Clarify conditions and obligations for accepting federal funds to close achievement gaps, and eliminate financial penalties for not fully participating in NCLB. 

FI 6 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to focus NCLB intervention funds on students most in need and redirect unused Title I funds for other disadvantaged student services.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Education Association (NEA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Create grant program to ensure schools offer comprehensive curriculum.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Fund ESEA programs at authorized levels.
FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure states and districts have adequate funding to implement NCLB mandates by enforcing Sec. 9527(a) of law.
FI 4 - Summary of Recommendation Provide separate funding stream for school improvement and technical assistance programs.
FI 5 - Summary of Recommendation Provide funding for assessments that measure higher order thinking skills.
FI 6 - Summary of Recommendation Apply AYP consequences to schools only when Title I funded at authorized level.
FI 7 - Summary of Recommendation Provide separate funding stream for SES and school choice.
FI 8 - Summary of Recommendation Provide adequate funding for appropriate assessments for students with disabilities and ELL students.
FI 9 - Summary of Recommendation Assist schools with using money more effectively.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National Governors Association (NGA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Fund real costs of achieving proficiency for all students, invest in effective education reforms, and do not withhold funding from struggling schools or states.

FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Reduce and streamline NCLB administrative costs and burdens on states to save federal dollars.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)

NCLB Reauthorization : National School Boards Association (NSBA)
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Discontinue school choice transportation financial obligations for students when their subgroup meets AYP.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Defer NCLB sanctions if Title I appropriations do not increase by at least $2.5 billion over previous year.
FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Defer NCLB sanctions if appropriations for students with disabilities are not consistent with IDEA funding levels.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)


Abbreviation Key for Organizations
AASA = American Association of School Administrators
AFT = American Federation of Teachers
BCSA = Business Coalition for Student Achievement
Comm. NCLB = Commission on No Child Left Behind
CCSSO = Council of Chief State School Officers
ECS = Education Commission of the States
Ed Trust = Education Trust
FEA = Forum on Educational Accountability
NAESP = National Association of Elementary School Principals
NASBE = National Association of State Boards of Education
NASSP = National Association of Secondary School Principals
NCSL = National Conference of State Legislatures
NEA = National Education Association
NGA = National Governors Association
NSBA = National School Boards Association


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