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National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Summary of Recommendations
NCLB Reauthorization

To better inform the national debate on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) reauthorization, ECS collected and synthesized recommendations by national organizations to improve the federal law.

ECS' database is organized around 16 issue areas that captured most recommendations. Some organizations did not offer recommendations for all issues, at least according to our analysis. And several recommendations appear more than once since they applied to multiple issue areas.

The summary of the National Conference of State Legislatures' (NCSL) original recommendations are listed in this report. Please see the main database page for additional reports.

Highlights

Issues addressed: 12 of 16
Adequate Yearly Progress; Assessment, Standards and Curriculum; Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development; Consequences and Interventions; Data Systems and Reporting; English Language Learners; Finance; High Schools; Students with Disabilities; Supplemental Education Services; Teaching Quality; and Miscellaneous/Overarching.

Issues not addressed: 4 of 16
Early Childhood; Other Programs; Safe Schools; and School Leadership.

Areas of emphasis:
Adequate Yearly Progress; Miscellaneous/Overarching; and Finance.

Source:
Delivering the Promise: State Recommendations for Improving No Child Left Behind (February 2005)


Visit ECS' Database on NCLB Reauthorization main page for more information, explanations and access to organizations' original reports. Please note that ECS plans to expand the database as more information becomes available.

Database Last Updated: July 2007

This database was created and compiled by Mary Fulton, ECS policy analyst.
For questions and comments: 303.299.3679 or mfulton@ecs.org
NCLB Reauthorization : National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)
AYP 1 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure federal programs emphasize narrowing achievement gaps and achieving proficiency, and not intrude on state processes. Acknowledge and reward state accountability plans that meet NCLB spirit and goals.
AYP 2 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure state accountability plan approvals, amendments and waivers are uniform, transparent, deliberate, prompt and made public.
AYP 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to use student growth approach to calculate AYP.
AYP 4 - Summary of Recommendation Allow use of multiple measures to evaluate performance for AYP. 
AYP 5 - Summary of Recommendation Publicize states' option to average two or three years of data to calculate percentage of students scoring proficient and identify schools in need of improvement.
AYP 6 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to use their accountability system to comply with spirit of NCLB. Base systems on realistic, not aspirational proficiency goals.
AYP 7 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to identify schools for improvement only after AYP targets in same subjects and subgroup are missed for two consecutive years. Require Education Department to clarify option to identify schools only after miss AYP targets in same subject in two consecutive years.
AYP 8 - Summary of Recommendation Ensure states know option of identifying districts as “in need of improvement” only when they miss AYP in same subject across multiple grade spans for two consecutive years.

AYP 9 - Summary of Recommendation Include students in multiple subgroups for reporting diagnostic data, but in smallest subgroup they belong for AYP purposes.

AYP 10 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to develop basis for determining school/district assessment participation rates for AYP purposes. For example, based on average daily attendance.

AYP 11 - Summary of Recommendation Afford states flexibility with AYP graduation rate for students pursuing alternative paths to diploma and for including students with disabilities.
AYP 12 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to set separate starting points and AYP projection paths for students with disabilities.
AYP 13 - Summary of Recommendation Publicize states' option of setting different “n” sizes for student subgroups, such as students with disabilities, for AYP and reporting purposes.
AYP 14 - Summary of Recommendation

Give states flexibility to determine when to hold schools accountable for including ELL students in AYP.

AYP 15 - Summary of Recommendation Publicize states' option of setting different “n” sizes for ELL student subgroups for AYP purposes.
AYP 16 - Summary of Recommendation Reevaluate 100% proficiency expectation for all students under AYP. This goal is not achievable and places states at risk of litigation.
Assessment, Standards and Curriculum (ASC)
ASC 1 - Summary of Recommendation Recognize IDEA takes precedence over NCLB for students with disabilities. Allow states to use IEPs to determine appropriate curriculum, standards and assessments for students with disabilities.
ASC 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine percentage of students with disabilities for whom out-of-level standards and tests are appropriate, based on IEPs.

ASC 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine when to use native-language or English-only tests for ELL students.
Capacity Building, Innovation and Research & Development (CIRD)
CIRD 1 - Summary of Recommendation Strengthen Education Department's role and investment in collecting diagnostic data and providing scientifically based research to close achievement gaps.
Consequences and Interventions (CI)
CI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to decide order of interventions for schools “in need of improvement,” for example, offering SES before choice.
CI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Grant states flexibility when counting transfer students in receiving school’s AYP calculations, allowing more time to improve student performance.
CI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to focus NCLB intervention funds on students most in need and redirect unused Title I funds for other disadvantaged student services.   

CI 4 - Summary of Recommendation Permit states to determine order of consequences for schools, especially for rural and urban schools where options may be limited.
Data Systems and Reporting (DSR)
DSR 1 - Summary of Recommendation Strengthen Education Department's role and investment in collecting diagnostic data and providing scientifically based research to close achievement gaps.
Early Childhood Education (ECE)
ECE 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
English Language Learners (ELL)
ELL 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine when to use native-language or English-only tests for ELL students.
ELL 2 - Summary of Recommendation Provide states flexibility to determine when to hold schools accountable for including ELL students in AYP.
ELL 3 - Summary of Recommendation Publicize states' option of setting different “n” sizes for ELL student subgroups for AYP purposes.
Funding Issues (FI)
FI 1 - Summary of Recommendation Clarify conditions placed on states' federal funds for increasing student proficiency and limit financial consequences for not participating in NCLB.
FI 2 - Summary of Recommendation Conduct GAO study to determine whether NCLB is an unfunded or underfunded federal mandate.
FI 3 - Summary of Recommendation Conduct GAO study of state/district costs for complying with NCLB administrative processes and achieving proficiency goals.
FI 4 - Summary of Recommendation Provide states with enough funding to cover compliance costs of NCLB, based on comprehensive study.
FI 5 - Summary of Recommendation Clarify conditions and obligations for accepting federal funds to close achievement gaps, and eliminate financial penalties for not fully participating in NCLB. 

FI 6 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to focus NCLB intervention funds on students most in need and redirect unused Title I funds for other disadvantaged student services.
High Schools (HS)
HS 1 - Summary of Recommendation Afford states flexibility with AYP graduation rate for students pursuing alternative paths to diploma and for including students with disabilities.
Other Programs (OP)
OP 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Safe Schools (SS)
SS 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
School Leadership (SL)
SL 1 - Summary of Recommendation No recommendations identified for this issue.
Students with Disabilities (SWD)
SWD 1 - Summary of Recommendation Recognize IDEA takes precedence over NCLB for students with disabilities. Allow states to use IEPs to determine curriculum, standards and assessments for students with disabilities.
SWD 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine percentage of students with disabilities for whom out-of-level standards and tests should be used, based on IEPs.
SWD 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to set separate starting points and AYP projection paths for students with disabilities.
SWD 4 - Summary of Recommendation Publicize states' option of setting different “n” sizes for student subgroups for AYP and reporting purposes.
Supplemental Education Services (SES)
SES 1 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to provide SES only in academic subjects that causes schools to miss AYP.
Teaching Quality (TQ)
TQ 1 - Summary of Recommendation Defer to state certification processes for meeting highly qualified definition for special education teachers.
TQ 2 - Summary of Recommendation Allow special education teachers to earn highly qualified status without proving content knowledge for each subject, but through alternative evaluation method.
TQ 3 - Summary of Recommendation Allow general and special education teachers not meeting content knowledge requirements to gain highly qualified status by partnering with qualified teachers. 
TQ 4 - Summary of Recommendation Allow multiple-subject teachers to meet highly qualified definition based on single means of evaluation that ensures content knowledge of each subject.
TQ 5 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states to determine circumstances for granting exceptions to highly qualified teacher requirements. For example, hard-to-staff schools may qualify.
Miscellaneous/Overarching (Misc.)
Misc. 1 - Summary of Recommendation Amend NCLB to revitalize state-federal partnership that ensures accountability for results and enables state/local innovation.
Misc. 2 - Summary of Recommendation Clarify conditions placed on states' federal funds for increasing student proficiency and limit financial consequences for not participating in NCLB.
Misc. 3 - Summary of Recommendation Direct Education Department to adopt appeals process for flexibility, exemption and waiver requests that are denied.
Misc. 4 - Summary of Recommendation Provide urban and rural communities with incentives and flexibility to meet NCLB requirements without prescriptive definitions and sanctions.
Misc. 5 - Summary of Recommendation Conduct research on distance learning to help students/schools meet NCLB’s goals, identify barriers to distance learning and disseminate research.
Misc. 6 - Summary of Recommendation Expand definition of "rural" for isolated districts/schools than was previously adopted by Education Department.
Misc. 7 - Summary of Recommendation Allow states flexibility to allocate costs of educating homeless students among districts.
Misc. 8 - Summary of Recommendation Limit time districts are responsible for costs of homeless children's education in their new district.
Parent and Community Involvement (CPI)



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